Chickens to Go
  The Birds and the Bees for Your Flowers and Trees
Pennsylvania, USA

Breed Summaries

Brahma

Feather-Footed

Dual Purpose

Egg Production - Fair, Large, Brown

Bantam and Standard

Origin and Classification
Although classified as an Asiatic breed, the Brahma chicken was developed in the United States.  The Brahma resulted from crossbreeding the Grey Chittagong chicken from Bangladesh with the Malay chicken from China.  1,2,3

The American Poultry Association (APA) first recognized the light and dark Brahmas in 1842 when the first edition of the Standards of Perfection  was published. 1  The buff Brahma was officially recognized by the APA  in 1924. There are several additional varieties of Brahamas, but only the light, dark, and buff are currently recognized by the American Poultry Association. 

Dark Brahma4

Primary Use
From the 1850s until about 1930, the Brahma was he most common meat production breed in the United States due to their large size.  The average Brahma rooster weighs in at 12 lbs. and the hen at almost 10 lbs. 2   Brahma chickens are no longer used for large-scale met production because they mature slowly, resulting in higher feed costs that the fast-growing meat bird varieties that are available today. 3

This breed is prized for the beautiful, large brown eggs that they lay.  Although they do not lay a large number of eggs each year, they do lay consistentlly throughout the year, with no decrease in egg production during the winter months. 2

Light Brahma3

Appearance
This tall, heavy breed is well known for their luxurious head-to-toe plumage.  All Brahmas have a heavy layer of feathers on their toes and feet, a dense under coat of thick down, and intricate coloration patterns that vary with each variety.  The feathered feet, heavy down, and pea-type of comb allow the Brahma to thrive in cold climates. 2  The thick under coat makes this breed appear to be even larger than theyreally are.  It would seem as though the Brahma hens are unaware of their large size, as the hens often break their eggs when getting on and off the nest and have been known to accidentally crush young chicks. 3

Feathered Feet and Toes

Personality
Today's Brahmas are a popular choice of show bird for poultry enthusiasts due to their stunning appearance and ease of handling.  They are also a popular with backyard chicken keepers because of their personalities.  The Brahma is a quiet bird that rarely vocalizes, making these hens perfect for the urban backyard.  They can be easy to train and seem to enjoy the company of their human companions.  Brahmas do well living within the confines of a backyard coop.  However, they do require a larger coop with additional outdoor pen space due to their large size.  Because they are not flighty, they can be trusted to free-range within a fenced-in backyard.

Buff Brahma

LEARN MORE

For more information on Brahma Chickens, Heritage breeds, or the American Poultry Association, click on the links below.
References

1 Association, A.P. (2012). APA Recognized Breeds and Varieties.  Retrieved 1 12, 2017 from  http://amerpoultryassn.com.

2 Brahma Chicken (n.d.).  Chicken Breeds List.  Retrieved 5 17, 2017 from Chicken Breeds List: Brahma Information http://chickenbreedslist.com/Brahma.html.

3 Conservancy, T.L. (n.d.) Brahma Chicken.  Retrieved 5 17, 2017 from livestockconservancy.org.
http://livestockconservancy.org/index.php/heritage/internal/brahma.

4 Bromage, A. (n.d.).  Dark Brahma Image.  Retrieved 5 18 2017 from Wikipedia.com.  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brahma_chicken#/media/file_Dark_Brahma_hen_oregon.jpg